Three Generations of Human Rights

First Generation (Civil and Political Rights)

        Date back to 18th Century

        Designed to protect the individual against state interference

Second Generation (Economic, Social and Cultural Rights)

        19th Century response to widespread poverty in wake of industrial revolution

        Prohibit government from denying access, entitle individuals to get protection from state if third parties interfere with rights,

        oblige states to take measures to improve overall social situation

Third Generation (Collective Rights)

        First articulated in second half of the 20th Century

        With exception of African Charter on Human and People's rights, have not been incorporated into human rights treaties

        yet